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How are electronic devices recycled?

How are electronic devices recycled?

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Published by Programme B

Recycling:

In the recycling process, electrical and electronic devices are disassembled, and hazardous substances are decontaminated if the electronic devices contain them. The process involves the recovery of materials such as plastics, metals, or glass for subsequent recycling.

Some of the small appliances contain highly toxic substances that can harm the environment and health, so they pose a danger when they end up in landfills, mixed with the rest of the garbage, instead of being recycled in a controlled way.

“Although some are innocuous, like a printer or a computer, others like refrigerators contain insulating foams whose chemical composition is very harmful.

When recycling the product?

When the product no longer works, and there is no possibility of being used by someone close to you, you should contact our company Mr. Garbage for recycling. The consumer can deliver the old appliance to the store where a new one is purchased. The store is required by law to pick it up, regardless of make or model. It is something like a Remove plan.

The recycling process is carried out as follows:

Disassembly and decontamination;

Lamps, batteries, cables, and the rest of the electrical components are removed from the appliances at the beginning of the Winnipeg electronic recycling process. The decontamination stage is carried out by hazardous waste management companies, and all dangerous elements are removed. For example, oils, components containing mercury, asbestos, plastics containing PBB o PBBE, radioactive substances, batteries, cathode ray tubes, polychlorinated biphenyl capacitors, etc. If they cannot be reused or recycled, they are neutralized to avoid contamination. Most white line waste contains cadmium, lead, mercury,  chromium, lead-acid, saline or alkaline batteries, etc. These are toxic to humans, animals, and plants and degrade the environment. Although these substances are currently regulated, it should be borne in mind that older so-called historical devices have a higher proportion of dangerous elements.

Grinding;

Once the dangerous parts are separated, the rest of the waste is crushed and subsequently divided into four sections: iron metals, other non-ferrous metals, glass, and plastics.

Use of recyclable materials;

The materials suitable for recycling – metals, plastics, and glass – are used for new products, which results in a double saving: energy and raw materials. The proportion of each of them will depend on the type of device in question. Thus, for example, a white goods appliance is mainly made up of metals, whereas in consumer electronic equipment, plastic is its main component.

Metals, whether iron or not, can be recycled indefinitely because they never lose their properties. Recycled iron metals are used in the steel industry. After purification and smelting of non-iron metals – copper, tin, zinc, and precious metals such as gold and silver – they are recycled and used to make cables and new electrical components.

The glass, once cleaned and crushed, is reused for television and computer screens, among other uses.

The recovered plastics are transformed into small particles that are cleaned and dried, and which in turn are converted into granules that acquire a new color. These materials are reused for the furniture and automobile industry

Photo by Luca Nardone from Pexels

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